This issue of Academic Psychiatry features an article exploring factors that have influenced motivation to conduct research among senior residents in psychiatry (2). Using a survey method, senior residents across 16 large (10-or-more residents/class) psychiatry residency programs were asked to report on their interest level in research, give demographic information, and report on research experiences and factors influencing their motivation to do research. After dividing residents into three groups with High (N=37), Moderate (N=37), or Low (N=53) stated interest in research, comparisons among these groups suggested that residents in the High-Interest group differed in their research-intense post-residency plans and had greater tendency to have graduate degrees than did Low- and Moderate-Interest groups. Individuals in the High-Interest group expressed an interest in research well before residency, and, although a majority of residents had exposure to research in college, research involvement diverged on the basis of level of interest. The High-Interest group was composed mostly of men and had lower debt than those with less interest. This latter finding may be associated with graduate education, including medical school, being paid for by combined M.D.-Ph.D. programs. The article concluded that, for most residents, the decision on whether or not to pursue a research career is reached before the beginning of residency, and few residents with less than very high interest pursue research tracks. Thus, the best way to increase recruitment into research is to identify individuals with high interest very early in their careers, to eradicate barriers for women to pursue research, and to provide adequate financial support to talented young investigators.