Over the years, I had stayed in touch with several co-residents who had joined faculties after residency. From them, I learned that, in general, without an education dedicated to laying a foundation for early-career research funding (e.g., a research fellowship or Ph.D.), junior faculty members typically support their salary by providing a substantial amount of direct clinical care (and, to a lesser degree, teaching). Consequently, most scholarship is relegated to "spare" time, usually evenings and weekends. In other words, to succeed, junior faculty members need to work "harder." However, faculty members who are also primary caretakers in their families and regularly go home to a "second shift" find it challenging to work any harder than they already do.