Recruitment into psychiatry may be strengthened by many different efforts—efforts that have intuitive value and some evidence-base. For instance, improving students’ understanding of psychiatry as a field with great innovation in the clinical neurosciences and a great tradition in evidence-based psychosocial therapies will, we believe, increase students’ interest in the specialty. Increasing early and sustained exposure to psychiatry in medical school curricula may also increase students’ interest. Engagement of students in the academic and social life of departments of psychiatry may also provide opportunities for academic faculty in psychiatry to demonstrate the satisfaction and esteem of the field. According to one recently-published systematic review of medical students’ attitudes toward psychiatry (16), positive attitudes relate to the intellectual challenges and the efficacy of treatments that psychiatry offers, personal rewards that follow from treatment, and a positive perception of psychiatrists as professionals. Providing excellent clinical role-models and enhancing the quality of teaching and clinical experiences for students should promote such attitudes. Efforts to decrease stigma toward psychiatry and mental illness itself may help foster and maintain student interest, and greater demonstration to students of the importance of resilience, wellness, and healthy development—rather than an exclusive illness focus—may enhance student interest. In order to encourage more students to consider psychiatry as a career, attention should focus closely on the psychiatry curriculum and the development of innovative teaching strategies (16). For students without a specialty choice on entrance to medical school, those who experience positive enrichment, especially within the psychiatry clerkship and electives, and, to a lesser extent, informal activities, such as career nights, may be more likely ultimately to choose psychiatry (17). In Canada’s largest residency program, recruitment was markedly improved by introducing and refining a “Psychiatry Institute of Medical Students,” a model others have begun adopting (18).