To identify previous reports of manuscript peer-review training in residency, we searched the following term combinations in PubMed: residency, resident, peer review, manuscript review. We found three articles that have systematically described the peer-review process for the purpose of educating young physicians (3–5), but found no reports of residency training programs implementing any formal curriculum on manuscript review. Furthermore, we talked with training directors at our residency programs to find out whether they have ever taught residents to review. In one program, the director delivered a 1-hour lecture and discussed articles about peer-review to a group of PGY-1 residents in an adult-psychiatry program. Overall, the director felt that these residents were receptive to learning about peer-review at that time, although there has been little evidence that this technique led to residents' serving as reviewers, possibly because of the few such opportunities available for residents. Although some journals actively seek out junior reviewers (6), the peer-review process at many journals is reserved for senior faculty, leaving early-career physicians (including residents) without an opportunity to learn manuscript review (7, 8). We hope that residents who review for the Residents' Journal will be prepared to review for other journals immediately after residency training. Because of the limited amount of peer-review didactics found during residency and the few opportunities for residents to review for journals, we feel that reviewing for the Residents' Journal can supplement the educational experience of academically-oriented resident physicians.